New Business Models in the Cultural and Creative Sectors
Being at the crossroads between arts, business and technology, the cultural and creative sectors find themselves in a strategic position to trigger innovation and spill-overs in other sectors. The 2012 Communication on promoting cultural and creative sectors for growth and jobs in the EU contributed to mainstreaming their potential into other EU policies. Beyond possible spill-overs, innovation is also vital within the cultural and creative sectors themselves in order for them to further grow and to adapt to a constantly evolving technological and financial environment.
The decreases in public funding, the challenges of globalisation, the opportunities of digitisation or the increasing empowerment of audiences have already pushed the cultural and creative sectors to test new approaches and to explore new business models. These innovative approaches can be powerful drivers for the strengthening of cultural diversity and for the development of entrepreneurship, as well as for growth, jobs or social inclusion. As specified in the Regulation establishing the Creative Europe Programme 2014-20, in order to promote transnational policy cooperation, the Cross Sectoral Strand shall support "transnational exchange of experiences and know-how in relation to new business and management models, peer- learning activities and networking among cultural and creative organisations and policymakers related to the development of the cultural and creative sectors, promoting digital networking where appropriate".
In order to pursue the above-mentioned policies, more insight into new business models in the cultural and creative sector across Europe is needed.